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Caree Brown L.C.S.W. Psychotherapy

Individual, Couples, & Family Therapy


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Using Metaphors in Therapy

Therapists use metaphors to help their clients understand mental health concepts, process their personal problems, and assist in therapeutic change. Metaphors can be used intentionally to assist in the entire therapeutic journey. A metaphor is a figure of speech that involves naming or describing something through its similarity to something else. They can help clients find familiar patterns that can build a bridge between something familiar, but not too close to home to impede the therapeutic process. Using metaphors in therapy offers a therapist a new way to communicate potentially triggering, complex issues to their client in a way that can be well-received and understood.

Benefits of Metaphors in Therapy

Therapists have reported the significant benefits of using metaphors in their practice. The powerful tool has a way of connecting concepts in people that would otherwise be ineffective if just stated in a strictly straightforward manner. Below are some of the benefits of using metaphors in the therapeutic process.

Flexible Thinking:

This allows for flexible thinking that can create grey areas for people. Many people (both inside and outside of therapy) see the world in black and white, which can be problematic. Metaphors help create a gray area that can permit flexible thinking and a possible change in mindset.

Accessing Emotions:

For clients who struggle with sympathy or empathy, metaphors are a way for them to connect with their emotions in relation to someone outside themselves. Finding a way to touch and access those emotions is a huge step in the journey of changing and growing.

Mindset Shift:

As with accessing emotions, metaphors can help shift the mindset of someone who may otherwise stay set in their ways. It can really open doors for those who struggle to change the way they think.

Dynamic Change:

Words alone sometimes don’t work. Using words in conjunction with something that can be visualized and processed is powerful when it comes to the therapeutic process. Associating something that a client has already experienced (or can imagine experiencing) is a way to allow them to see new perspectives on their own. The therapeutic process cannot be forced, as it is ineffective for long-term change.

Walls Break Down:

Therapy can be a complicated process as people have to face things they may not want to. Maybe the death of a loved one, childhood trauma, or coping mechanisms that are no longer working have brought them into the therapist’s chair. It can be easy to get defensive when facing personal issues. Metaphors are a softer way of illustrating a point in therapy that permits a client to digest it in a less aggressive approach than outright saying something.

Therapeutic Process

The therapeutic process has evolved over time. No longer is a client lying on a couch lamenting about all of their problems for an hour. It is a dynamic process where the therapist helps guide the client through their current experience. They may be processing trauma from the past or anxiety about the future. Still, either way, it’s a two-way conversation where the therapist serves as an interactive vessel guiding the client. Mutual participation occurs during the process, so there is no worry that you’ll have to talk for an hour on end. Therapy can be short- or long-term and can drastically impact one’s life.